Each edition contains three selection rounds. The first two are centred around physical assignments. Many of these assignments are carried out on the basis of local activities, such as working in mines, ploughing with oxen, fishing 'without breath', but also dancing and playing football with the local population.
The third selecetion round is the assessment round on the basis of popularity within the group. The competitor who turns out to be least popular has to go straight to the return competition. The assignments are played in different ways. Not all the assignments are carried out by all the competitors. There are duels between two competitors as well, who are selected by the others to do so.
The scoring system of Mission Kilimanjaro is not very complicated. Each selection is a moment of tension: the competitor who loses is referred to the return competition.